Before learning everything you should know about how to get rid of blackheads, it is important to take a look at how they get there in the first place. There are many myths about this skin condition that lead people to use ineffective methods for blackhead treatment.
In general, blackheads are the consequences of hormonal conditions that might occur in both genders, all ages, and from all types of ethnicities. A sebaceous gland that functions correctly will produce a normal amount of oil (sebum) and it moves through the pore and then out onto the skin’s surface. It then will melt into a very slight cover that is protective, creating a healthy barrier over your face. This entire process is balanced by the hormones themselves. If hormones are not balanced, the combination of dead skin cells and a great amount of oil will be stuck in the pore and become exposed to air, causing the sebum to oxidize and turn into what we know as blackheads.
A common myth is that they are black because there is dirt trapped in the pore. Permanent blackhead removal can take some time, so you could see how this myth could really mess with someone’s head. If you thought that it was dirt trapped under your skin you would probably work very hard to scrub out the dirt on a daily basis. The worst part about this scenario is that this excess scrubbing will actually make the blackheads worse. The area will become extremely irritated, and the body will think that it is not producing enough sebum. This will mean that even more oil is being pumped into the pores, making a small problem much worse.
Now that we know what is really behind these black marks, we can takes steps for some effective blackhead treatments.
For most people, general facial hygiene and a daily face cleaning regimen should be enough to drastically improve the quality of your skin and remove any noticeable blackheads.
The first thing you need to do is make sure that the products that you are using on your face are not contributing to the problem. If you are wearing cosmetics or using a moisturizer that have ingredients that are similar to makeup of the oil on your face, it can become absorbed into the pores and contribute to clogging them, and eventually turn into blackheads.
When purchasing cosmetics, lotions, or sunscreen make sure that they are labeled as non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic. These product will not block your pores, which will help ensure that you are not contributing to your own blackhead problem.
When washing your face avoid the use of bar soaps. The ingredients used in such products can cause irritation causing cells to flake off, and get trapped in the pores. Start cleaning your skin with a gentle and water-soluble cleanser as a replacement. But choose wisely. If you have dry skin, you should go for a more moisturizing option, but as we mentioned earlier make sure that it is non-comedogenic. If you choose the wrong face wash you are going to be doing yourself a lot more bad than good.
Using a good exfoliant is a great treatment for blackheads. You will remove the thin top layer of dirt and dead skin cells on your face, exposing the pores and rejuvenating your skin. People who are prone to get blackheads often have skin that produces more dead skin cells than normal. Removing this extra layer every so often is the key to keeping your face blackhead free. However, if you overuse the exfoliant you might hurt your skin. Common chemical exfoliants are salicylic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, and glycolic acid.
The use of retinoids like tretinoin might also help you. They are forms of vitamin A that will biologically help your skin cells and pores to work normally and balance the production of sebum.
But if your case is severe you might have to go to a dermatologist for a prescription blackheads treatment. Hormone blockers or birth control pills will reduce androgen hormone levels and balance your skin preventing the blackheads. If these options still don’t work, you may ask your doctor about Accutane, but only if everything else fails. Keep yourself informed and you will get rid of those persistent blackheads forever.