The easiest way of growing an Aloe vera plant is to use one of the shoots that a large Aloe vera plant will produce. An adult plant will usually begin to send out shoots as soon as it becomes root-bound or has reached a size of a couple of inches. You can find shoots around the base of the adult Aloe vera plant. Seeds from an Aloe vera flower can also be used, but growing Aloe vera plants from a seed is more difficult.
When you want to begin growing Aloe vera plants from shoots or a seeds, it is important that the pot has good drainage. A large enough hole must be found at the bottom of the pot. The bottom of the pot should also ideally be covered with one or two inches of gravel or similar that will allow water to run off from the soil. As long as you make sure that the drainage is good, growing Aloe vera plants is possible in many different types of soil, as long as it is fast draining.
The best choice for growing Aloe vera plants is usually a potting mix containing extra coarse sand, granite grit or perlite. Soil mixed especially for cacti is also a good alternative. The Aloe vera originates from dry regions in Africa, especially the southern parts, and is therefore adapted to that type of soil. The soil that you grow your Aloe vera in should only be moderately fertile.
Growing Aloe vera plants outside is possible in many parts of the world, but remember that this plant is extremely sensitive to frost.
In some regions, a pot with an Aloe vera can be left outside during the summer, but must be moved inside during the cold season. Make sure that you place your Aloe vera at a suitable spot. They can endure strong, direct sunlight but prefer some shade and indirect light. The same is true for indoor Aloe vera.
Since the Aloe vera is a succulent, it will store water in its thick and fleshy leaves. This means that adult plants are very resilient towards drought. Smaller plants are however less robust and when you are growing aloe vera plants it is therefore advisable to avoid exposing them to draughts and water scarcity until they have grown larger.
Even a large Aloe vera will appreciate regular watering, as long as you make sure that the soil dries out before you provide the plant with more water. During the winter, the Aloe vera will require less water than during the summer.
When you have planted your Aloe vera it will require some fertilizer during the early spring. Giving your Aloe vera a lot of fertilizer is however unadvisable. Remember that it is accustomed to dry and quite barren soils. If you use a standard bloom fertilizer, it should be diluted to not more than half of the recommended strength.
As you Aloe vera grow, you will need to repot it to avoid it from toppling over. The root system of the Aloe vera plants are shallow and spread out right under the plant. The width of the new pot is therefore more important than the deep.